What is Cancer?

What is Cancer?

Cancer is the name given to a number of related diseases. It is the development of a tumour or malignant growth resulting from an uncontrolled division of cells. Cancer can start almost anywhere in the body and originates from damaged cells. Cells are the fundamental building blocks of life and each day around 50-70 billion cells die as part of normal human processes.
Therefore new cells are continuously required to replace old or damaged cells.

Normal cells in the body follow an orderly path and are able to divide and grow and die via tightly regulated processes. However when these cellular processes are disrupted or altered (through toxic or chemical insult) problems may arise. Cells become more abnormal and damaged cells tend to survive, this means there is an increased replication of damaged cells which serve no role in the body. These damaged cells can divide without stopping and may form a mass of tissue; also known as a tumour. Cancer is ultimately the result of cells that uncontrollably grow and do not die. However, it is important to note that cancer does not occur as a result of one damaged cell, but more so from a series of damaged cells that possess the ability to evade normal cell replication.

Many cancers form solid tumours which are malignant; this means they are able to invade or spread to nearby tissue. Also many cancers have the ability to travel through the blood stream and develop into secondary sites in the body (metastases). For example, a person may develop a tumour in the brain, and a few of these damaged cancerous cells can pass through the blood stream and reside at a secondary site such as the stomach, where a further tumour may develop. Unlike malignant tumours, benign tumours do not spread to nearby tissues. Benign tumours can sometimes be quite large, yet once they have been removed, they usually do not grow back.

Cancer Risk Factors

It is a known fact that your lifestyle and everyday choices correlate with your health and well-being and just like most diseases cancer also has many risk factors which can induce the onset of the disease. The most common risk factors at the moment include; tobacco, sun exposure, radiation exposure, chemicals and other substances, some viruses and bacteria, certain hormones, family history of cancer, alcohol, poor diet, lack of physical activity, or being overweight.

It has been stated that 1 in 2 people born after 1960 in the UK will be diagnosed with some form of cancer during their lifetime. This means that 50% of us will have cancer or die due to cancer. Therefore it is important to maintain a healthy lifestyle to lower your risk of developing certain cancers.

Along side risk factors; there are no proven ways to prevent cancer, but you can reduce your risk of getting it!

You can do this by:

1. Eating a healthy balanced diet

A balanced diet is one that gives your body the nutrition it needs to function properly. In order to get truly balanced nutrition, you should obtain the majority of your daily calories from fresh fruits and vegetables, whole grains, and lean proteins.

2. Maintaining a healthy weight

  1. Exercise. Regular physical activity burns calories and builds muscle — both of which help you look and feel good and keep weight off.
  2. Watch out for portion distortion.
  3. Eat 5 servings of fruits and veggies a day.
  4. Don't skip breakfast.

3. Stopping smoking

“Smoking is the most important preventable cause of cancer in the world”If you smoke, giving up completely is the best thing you can do for your health."

4. Protecting your skin from sun damage

Overexposure to ultraviolet (UV) light from the sun or sunbeds is the main cause of skin cancer.

It is important to know your body and if you recognise any changes such as lumps or unexplained symptoms then immediately visit you local GP.

Take a look at how our products can help:

- Beta Carotene - prevents the onset of gastric cancer

- Selenium / Selenium plus*

- Vitamin C*

- Vitamin D3*

- Saw Palmetto

- Green Tea Extract- Green tea contains substances called polyphenols that are believed to have powerful anti-cancer abilities.

- Immune support formulationsImmune support can be beneficial to those undertaking or recovering from Chemotherapy or Radiotherapy

*There is data to suggest that antioxidant supplements may improve quality of life for some cancer patients. For example, the combined use of antioxidants in green tea, melatonin, and multivitamins containing high doses of vitamins C and E has been shown to reduce pain and fatigue in patients being treated for pancreatic cancer.

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